Name-The full, official name of the country is "Georgia", as specified in the Georgian constitution. The name was etymologized for the west in honor of Saint George, The self-designation used by ethnic Georgians is Kartvelebi (ქართველები, i.e. "Kartvelians"); the native name of Georgia Sakartvelo(საქართველო; "land of Kartvelians"), and the name of the Georgian language Kartuli (ქართული).
Geography-Georgia is situated in the South Caucasus. between latitudes41°and44° N, and longitudes 40° and 47° E, with an area of 67,900 km2(26,216 sq mi). It is a very mountainous country.The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range forms the northern border of Georgia. The highest mountain in Georgia is Mount Shkharaat 5,068 meters.
Population-3 million 730 thousand.
Language-Georgian(ქართულიენაtr.kartuli ena) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians. It is the official language of Georgia. The Kartvelian languages(Georgian:ქართველურიენები) (also known as Iberian and formerly South Caucasian ) are a language family indigenous to the Caucasus and spoken primarily in Georgia According to the traditional account written down by Leonti Mroveliin the 11th century, the first Georgian script was created by the first king ofCaucasian Iberia,Pharnavaz, in the 3rd century BC. However, the first examples of a Georgian script date from the 5th century AD. There are now three Georgian scripts, called asomtavruli(capitals),nuskhuri(small letters), andmkhedruli. Mkhedrulihas 33 letters in common use; a half dozen more are obsolete in Georgian, though still used in other alphabets.
Flag-The central design element of the "Five Cross" flag is the St. George Cross in the middle of it. The St. George Cross is still used as the national flag of England. St George is the patron saint of Georgia.
Capital-The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi. formerly known asTiflis, it is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of theMtkvari Riverwith a population of roughly 1.5 million inhabitants.The history ofTbilisi, the capital ofGeorgia, dates back to at least the 5th century AD. Tbilisi has been an important cultural, political and economic center of theCaucasus region for most of its history.Legend has it that the present-day territory of Tbilisi was uninhabited and covered by forest as late as 458 AD, the date medieval Georgian chronicles assign to the founding of the city by King Vakhtang I Gorgasali ofIberia(or Kartli, present-day eastern Georgia).Archaeological studies of the region have however revealed that the territory of Tbilisi was settled by humans as early as the 4th millennium BC. According to one account King Vakhtang Gorgasali (r. 447-502) went hunting in the heavily wooded region with a falcon. The king's falcon caught a pheasant, but both birds fell into a nearby hot spring and died. King Vakhtang was so impressed with the discovery that he decided to build a city on this location. The nameTbilisiderives from the Old Georgian word "Tpili", meaning warm. The name TbiliorTbilisi("warm location") there fore was given to the city because of the area's numerous sulfuric hot springs, which are still heavily exploited, notably for public baths, in the Abanotubani district.